Gaines Group Architects
Chesapeake and Western Depot

The Gaines Group Harrisonburg office is taking shape.

The Gaines Group Harrisonburg office is taking shape.

Our new office is open and getting into shape.

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The interior brick walls along the stair that were once covered in black char from the 80’s fire have been scraped. The stairs have been rebuilt leading to the second floor.

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Heading into the second floor, the window and door opening from the fire was preserved showing the fire damage.

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Where there once was a hole in the floor, now there is a kitchen finished with Alberene soapstone counters and Wolf Cabinets.

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Our signage is installed done by Eddie Edwards Signs.

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The front desk is installed using wood from attic fire damaged wood.  The base of the desk was fabricated by Excel Steel.

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The high top desks face the Marvin windows.

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Our LEED certificates are hung on the wall along with our awards placed on the shelving.

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The 100-year-old drafting desk from Ray’s family has been refinished and installed into my office.

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My office space is generous enough for a meeting table in addition to my desk. The wall behind is a dry erase board using Sherwin Williams system.

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My miniature architect toy is hanging out with my CSI, Interchange, On the Road Collaborative, and CATEC mug.

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My World’s Best Boss mug is there to remind everyone.

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Several of my old models from college and a few 3-D printed models are on the file cabinets.

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In our conference room we have a new table and chairs. What do you think? Again, there was no floor here a few months ago.

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Our new old lights have been redone to be energy-efficient and to preserve the patina from years of use. Thanks to Live Wire for their wonderful work.

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Maybe best of all, we have a large storage closet with lots of shelf space.

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Stop by and visit. Let us know your memories of the space. If you have any pictures from what the building used to be, we would love to see them.

caulk electrical outlets

Green Terms Defined Summary 2015

 Green Terms Defined Summary 2015

2012 International Energy Conservation Code: Minimum energy code standards adopted by the Commonwealth of Virginia

Air Changes per Hour (ACH)the measure how many times the air within a defined space is replaced.

electrical outlets

ASHRAE 90.1: a standard in the US that provides minimum requirements for energy-efficient designs for buildings except for low-rise residential buildings.

Carbon Footprinta measure of the impact our activities have on the environment in terms of the amount of greenhouse gases we produce.

Carbon Neutral Building: the process of taking into account measuring, reducing, and offsetting carbon energy used by the building.

Cellulose Insulationa low-thermal-conductivity material use to reduce heat loss and gain from a building.

Ceramic tile: made from clay that has been permanently hardened by heat, often having a decorative glaze.

Commissioning: verification and documentation that a building and the systems used are designed, installed, tested, operated, and maintained to meet the project requirements set by the building owner.

electrical outlets

Conduction: the flow of heat through an object by transferring heat from one molecule to another. Think frying pan on a stove or wood stud that touches the inside drywall and the outside wall sheathing.

Convection: refers to the transfer of heat by a moving fluid. Thing warm air rising and cool air sinking in a room. Convection loops circulate near walls. During the heating season, warm air is cooled by exterior walls and falls towards the floor, creating a convection loop. Convective loops can also happen within framing cavities if the insulation doesn’t completely fill the space.

Edible landscapingthe practical integration of food plants within your landscape for the purposes of decorating as well as producing food.

Erosion: the removal of soil and rock by water from one location to another.

ERV or Energy Recovery Ventilatorpart of a balanced ventilation system that transfers water vapor and heat from one airstream to another.

Flashinga strip of impervious material used to stop water from penetrating the junction of a wall or roof with another surface.

Fly Asha fine, glass like powder recovered from the coal-burning process for the production of electricity.

FormaldehydeA gas used widely in production of adhesives, plastics, preservatives, and fabric treatments and commonly emitted by indoor materials that are made with its compounds.

Grasslands Conservation Carbon Offsetssimilar to forestry, native grasses and other vegetation provide a natural source of greenhouse gas (GHG) absorption and sequestration.

Chesapeake Western Depot Harrisonburg

Historic Building: a structure that has historic, architectural, or cultural significance.

Humidistatan electronic device that measures the relative humidity in a space.

HVAC: Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning system in your home or business.

Infrared Thermography, thermal imaging, or thermal video: a type of infrared imaging used for determining air leakage in energy audits.

Insulated concrete form (ICF)a wall building system made of reinforced concrete and most commonly rigid thermal insulation.

Insulating CurtainsThermal curtains have a lining that resists temperature change and are heavy enough to stop air flow.

Interior designthe art or process of designing the interior of a room or building.

Karst Topography: an area of irregular limestone in which erosion has produced fisures, sinkholes, underground streams and caverns.

Lifetime Home: A design approach that encompasses specific design features that ensure that a new house or apartment will meet the current and future needs of most households.

light shelf

Light Shelf: a horizontal overhanging element located above the eye-level and typically having a highly reflective upper surface.

Linoleum: a resilient flooring product that was developed in the 1800’s. It consists of cork flour, linseed oil, oak dust, and jute.

Natural Ventilation: the process of supplying and removing air by natural means from building spaces by using windows, doors, solar chimneys, and non-powered ventilators.

Net Meteringa method of crediting consumers for the electricity that is generated on their home or business in excess of the total electricity that they have used.

No-Step Entry or zero-step entry: a flush entry from the driveway or garage into your home.

Pervious Concrete: concrete that allows water to move through the material into a storage area under the pavement.

Radiation: flow of heat from a warm source through space in waves of infrared or visible light energy. Think sunlight through a window.

Renovationthe act of repurposing / updating / remodeling of a building.

Resilient Designthe capacity of a design to adapt to changing conditions and to maintain or regain functionality and vitality in the face of stress or disturbance.

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Single-stream recycling: a process or system where all paper, plastics, metals, cardboard, glass, and trash goes into the same can and is sorted by the facility into separate commodities.

Solatube: a tubular daylighting system

Specifications: define the requirements regarding materials, products, installation and quality aspects pertaining to the execution of the work and contract.

Thermal Bridgewhere heat occurs across more conductive components in an otherwise well-insulated material, resulting in disproportionately significant heat loss.

Tiny House: home designed to be less than 1,000 sf

Vampire Loadthe power consumed by electronics and appliances while they are technically switched off or in standby mode.

Vapor Barrier: a barrier that reduces the rate that water vapor can move through a material.

Wastewaterwater from bathtubs, shower drains, sinks, washing machines, and dishwashers is considered grey water.

WaterSense: a label program created by the Environmental Protection Agency for consumers to easily identify water efficient products.

Weatherizationthe practice of using cost-effective strategies to modify a building to decrease energy usage and increase comfort.

Window: Casement or Double-Hung glass opening in a wall system.

Custom Home Harrisonburg

Green Term Defined: Vapor Barrier

Green Term Defined: Vapor Barrier

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A vapor barrier is a barrier that reduces the rate that water vapor can move through a material.  There is discussion in the industry if a true vapor barrier is even possible. This has led to the use of the term Vapor Retarder. Vapor retarders limits moisture from passing through a materials and have three classes of permeability. Vapor Retarders per the building code have a permeability of less than 10, less than 1, or less than .1 perm.

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There are three categories of vapor retarding materials: Impermeable, Semi-Permeable, and Permeable.  Impermeable materials include things such as plastic sheets, vinyl wall coverings, plywood, extruded polystyrene, and oil-based paints. Semi-Permiable materials included expanded polystyrene and latex paints. Most other materials are Permeable including fiberglass insulation, open cell spray foam, drywall, and stucco.

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In our mixed-humid climate, we want to avoid using impermeable materials in our wall and roof systems. Allowing walls to dry in both directions is critical to the long-term durability of your structure. To further protect your home, you must have a proper ventilation system that is controlling humidity inside your structure.

Harrisonburg Office

Harrisonburg Downtown Renaissance Facade Enhancement Grant

Harrisonburg Downtown Renaissance Facade Enhancement Grant

Harrisonburg OfficeHarrisonburg Architect

Our first office in Harrisonburg opened in 2009 and the only place we looked for space was downtown. We knew it was the place for us with a vibrant and growing community. We opened an office above Oasis Art Gallery in a very unique, although mostly hidden by ugly metal panels, architectural treasure. Our office was on the second floor in the rounded corner of the building. There was very nice northern lights and plenty of windows. It was a very cool space. We stayed there for 2 years until we outgrew our space.

Harrisonburg Architect

Our next home, the Bank of America building, moved us to the heart of downtown, court square. This building has amazing architectural details and a landlord that takes care to keep it clean, neat, and in great shape. The space has served us well for almost 5 years. However, we have been looking for our permanent home since moving into this court square destination. With no exterior signage, a lack of accessible access to our office space, and comfort control limitations, we knew it would not be our final home in the burg.

Chesapeake Western Depot

So when rumors started that the Chesapeake Railroad Depot was going to be renovated, we made the call to the building owners. Our goal was to design the renovation and make this our long-term downtown Harrisonburg office location. With an incredible architectural history and most of the original details still in place under many layers of dirt, this is the perfect place to create a sustainable office for our valley branch. We have been working hard to maintain the integrity of the original design while implementing as much cool “green” factor as possible. We are thrilled to be one of the 5 projects selected for a Harrisonburg Downtown Renaissance Facade Enhancement Grant. This will benefit the exterior renovation of our project helping to fund the signage, fencing, and landscape. 

Harrisonburg Downtown Renaissance,
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Harrisonburg Downtown Renaissance Awards Façade Enhancement Grants


HARRISONBURG, VA – December 4, 2015 – Harrisonburg Downtown Renaissance is pleased to announce the winners of the 2015 Façade Enhancement Grants, a program designed to assist businesses, property owners, and organizations with significant improvements to their building exteriors. In its 12th year, the program has awarded $175,000 to more than 95 projects.

This year, five projects were awarded grant funds with a total of $10,000 distributed among the selected projects. The total value of the five projects exceeds $ 116,000.

Recipients of the 2015 Façade Enhancement Grants include:

  • Blue Hub Co-Working: Funds, in the amount of $750, will be applied toward new signage for their office space located on Bruce Street.
  • Explore More Discovery Museum: The Children’s Museum was awarded $4,000 to help offset the cost of new exterior windows and lighting.
  • Historic C&W Railway Depot: Four thousand dollars ($4,000) was awarded to J-M Apartments to assist with the costs of the exterior brick restoration, signage, fencing and landscaping to restore the historic C&W Railway Depot.
  • Pale Fire Brewing: The brewery received $750, which will go towards historic signage.
  • The Sole Source will use grant funds, in the amount of $500, to add landscaping and café-style tables and chairs to their exterior at Urban Exchange.

“We wish to thank all of the businesses who participated in the grant program for their continued economic investment in downtown,” says Andrew Forward, chairman of Harrisonburg Downtown Renaissance’s Economic Development committee. “These projects will make a positive visual impact to their property and downtown.”

For more information, please contact Eddie Bumbaugh at 540-432-8934. For more information about Harrisonburg Downtown Renaissance, visitwww.downtownharrisonburg.org.

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Press Resources:
Eddie Bumbaugh
Executive Director
P: 540.432.8934
ebumbaugh@harrisonburgva.gov

solar chimney

Green Term Defined: Natural Ventilation

Green Term Defined: Natural Ventilation

Natural Ventilation is the process of supplying and removing air by natural means from building spaces by using windows, doors, solar chimneys, and non-powered ventilators.

solar chimney

solar chimney

Most of us spend about 90% of our time inside of a building. As a result, the indoor air quality is critical to our health, productivity, and comfort. Scientific studies clearly show that buildings with proper fresh air ventilation improves productivity and health for occupants. If designed right, proper ventilation can be used to increase comfort and reduce energy bills.

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University of Tennessee School of Architecture

75. UT Art and Architecture Building #105architecturalinspirations

75. UT Art and Architecture Building #105architecturalinspirations

University of Tennessee School of Architecture   University of Tennessee School of Architecture

Designed by Douglas McCarty the Art and Architecture Building at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, TN was designed to reduce energy consumption and enhance the quality of the interior environment. The building features a four-story open central court. The building highlights the pedestrian circulation experience to encourage interaction and to create community. The open studio spaces brings light deep into the building and connects study space with community space. The professor’s office spaces are extended into the central court space. The exposed concrete and steel offers a pure structural form. The HVAC ducts are painted vibrant colors to bring movement and life to the building. I spent many hours in this building while in graduate school.

University of Tennessee School of ArchitectureUniversity of Tennessee School of Architecture

#105architecturalinspirations is a collection of architectural details, buildings, and spaces that inspire me. Full List of previous #105architecturalinspiration posts 1 – 20. First 20 architectural inspirations here21. Michael Graves 22. St. Augustine 23. Guggenheim Museum 24. Ocho House 25.Bjarke Ingels 26. WG Clark 27. John F. Kennedy Space Center 28.Akademie Mont-Cenis 29. Sustainability Treehouse 30. Porch Rail 31.Martin Lurther King Jr. Memorial 32. Warehouse Renvoation33.Architectural Salvage Warehouse 34. Thorncrown Chapel 35.Gabion Wall 36.Rectorat de Guyane Library  37. North Bay House 38.Old Ranch Road Barn 39.Eagle Rock Residence 40.Pratt Street Power Plant 41.United Therapeutics Field House 42. Porch House 43. Headwaters 44.Ben’s Barn 45. Kevin Mundy Memorial Bridge 46.  Thrupp + Summers House 47.Madrona Residence 48. Pixel Building 49.National Constitution Center 50.Falling Water 51. Wainwright Building 52. Merle’s Drive-In53. Green Office Building 54. Edgeland House 55.Kansas City Public Library  56.Villa Savoye 57.Fenway Park Farm 58. Bryan Innovation Lab 59. Dog Trot House 60. Recoversao de um Palheiro em Cortegaca 61. The Medium 62. Peaks View Residence 63. House in a Warehouse  64. Charleston City Market 65. Happy Valley Middle – Elementary School 66. Moon Dazzler 67. Tidal Lagoon Swansea Bay 68. 3D Printed House 69. Gateway Arch 70. CityGarden 71. Casa Batlló 72. Wild Turkey Bourbon Visitors Center 73. Colorado Ranch 74. Eiffel Tower 75. UT Art and Architecture Building

Eiffel Tower

74. Eiffel Tower #105architecturalinspirations

74. Eiffel Tower #105architecturalinspirations

The Eiffel Tower, named after engineer Gustave Eiffel, was erected in 1889. This iron lattice tower was built as the entrance to the 1889 World’s Fair. As one of the most recognizable symbols in the world, the structure was criticized initially by leading artists and intellectuals for its design. Gustave Eiffel responded to the critics by saying “my tower will be the tallest edifice ever erected by man. Will it not also be grandiose in its way? And why would something admirable in Egypt become hideous and ridiculous in Paris?” The Eiffel Tower is the tallest structure and most visited in all of France.

Eiffel Tower Eiffel Tower Eiffel Tower

With three levels for visitors, the Eiffel Tower stands at 1,063′. There are restaurants on the first and second level. The top level is 906′ above the ground.

#105architecturalinspirations is a collection of architectural details, buildings, and spaces that inspire me. Full List of previous #105architecturalinspiration posts 1 – 20. First 20 architectural inspirations here21. Michael Graves 22. St. Augustine 23. Guggenheim Museum 24. Ocho House 25.Bjarke Ingels 26. WG Clark 27. John F. Kennedy Space Center 28.Akademie Mont-Cenis 29. Sustainability Treehouse 30. Porch Rail 31.Martin Lurther King Jr. Memorial 32. Warehouse Renvoation33.Architectural Salvage Warehouse 34. Thorncrown Chapel 35.Gabion Wall 36.Rectorat de Guyane Library  37. North Bay House 38.Old Ranch Road Barn 39.Eagle Rock Residence 40.Pratt Street Power Plant 41.United Therapeutics Field House 42. Porch House 43. Headwaters 44.Ben’s Barn 45. Kevin Mundy Memorial Bridge 46.  Thrupp + Summers House 47.Madrona Residence 48. Pixel Building 49.National Constitution Center 50.Falling Water 51. Wainwright Building 52. Merle’s Drive-In53. Green Office Building 54. Edgeland House 55.Kansas City Public Library  56.Villa Savoye 57.Fenway Park Farm 58. Bryan Innovation Lab 59. Dog Trot House 60. Recoversao de um Palheiro em Cortegaca 61. The Medium 62. Peaks View Residence 63. House in a Warehouse  64. Charleston City Market 65. Happy Valley Middle – Elementary School 66. Moon Dazzler 67. Tidal Lagoon Swansea Bay 68. 3D Printed House 69. Gateway Arch 70. CityGarden 71. Casa Batlló 72. Wild Turkey Bourbon Visitors Center 73. Colorado Ranch 74. Eiffel Tower 75. UT Art and Architecture Building

BRAFB Project

Green Term Defined: ASHRAE 90.1

Green Term Defined: ASHRAE 90.1

Harmony Square Dairy Queen

ASHRAE 90.1 is a standard in the US that provides minimum requirements for energy-efficient designs for buildings except for low-rise residential buildings. The standard was first created in 1975. It has since been updated on a regular basis in 2004, 2007, 2010, and 2013.

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There are two paths for compliance with ASHRAE 90.1, both the prescriptive path and performance path. The prescriptive path requires all building components to meet a minimum set of standards specified in ASHRAE 90.1. The Prescriptive path includes requirements for building envelope, HVAC, domestic hot water, power, lighting, and other equipment. The performance path shows compliance using a building modeling program to illustrate that the design uses less energy than the baseline building built to ASHRAE 90.1 specifications.

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light shelf

Green Term Defined: Light Shelf

Green Term Defined: Light Shelf

A light shelf is a horizontal overhanging element located above the eye-level and typically having a highly reflective upper surface. Sunlight hits the top of the light shelf and bounces inside of the structure hitting the ceiling. This brings light deeper into the structure that reduces energy usage for lighting and glare.

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Colorado Ranch

73. Colorado Ranch #105architecturalinspirations

73. Colorado Ranch #105architecturalinspirations

Turnbull Griffin Haesloop has designed a beautiful Colorado Ranch that is energy-efficient and aesthetically beautiful. Sitting on a property with views of Steamboat Springs this home has a warm inviting appeal. The use of a large outdoor space anchored with a stone fireplace connects the living spaces to the site. The glass walls capture the views and the natural materials make it regionally appropriate. I would love to sit on this patio and watch a storm roll in – this house is very nice.

Colorado Ranch Colorado Ranch Colorado Ranch

#105architecturalinspirations is a collection of architectural details, buildings, and spaces that inspire me. Full List of previous #105architecturalinspiration posts 1 – 20. First 20 architectural inspirations here21. Michael Graves 22. St. Augustine 23. Guggenheim Museum 24. Ocho House 25.Bjarke Ingels 26. WG Clark 27. John F. Kennedy Space Center 28.Akademie Mont-Cenis 29. Sustainability Treehouse 30. Porch Rail 31.Martin Lurther King Jr. Memorial 32. Warehouse Renvoation33.Architectural Salvage Warehouse 34. Thorncrown Chapel 35.Gabion Wall 36.Rectorat de Guyane Library  37. North Bay House 38.Old Ranch Road Barn 39.Eagle Rock Residence 40.Pratt Street Power Plant 41.United Therapeutics Field House 42. Porch House 43. Headwaters 44.Ben’s Barn 45. Kevin Mundy Memorial Bridge 46.  Thrupp + Summers House 47.Madrona Residence 48. Pixel Building 49.National Constitution Center 50.Falling Water 51. Wainwright Building 52. Merle’s Drive-In53. Green Office Building 54. Edgeland House 55.Kansas City Public Library  56.Villa Savoye 57.Fenway Park Farm 58. Bryan Innovation Lab 59. Dog Trot House 60. Recoversao de um Palheiro em Cortegaca 61. The Medium 62. Peaks View Residence 63. House in a Warehouse  64. Charleston City Market 65. Happy Valley Middle – Elementary School 66. Moon Dazzler 67. Tidal Lagoon Swansea Bay 68. 3D Printed House 69. Gateway Arch 70. CityGarden 71. Casa Batlló 72. Wild Turkey Bourbon Visitors Center 73. Colorado Ranch 74. Eiffel Tower 75. UT Art and Architecture Building